Thursday, February 16, 2012
THE 1962 ROMAN MISSAL'S IMPACT ON THE REFORM OF THE NOVUS ORDO IN ITS FUTURE REVISION
Cardinal Ratzinger of the Congregation of the Faith in a June 23, 2003 letter to Dr Heinz-Lothar Barth of Bonn revealed his personal views on, and dreams for, a single Rite in the Latin Church. It appears that this is now a work in progress as the new term for the desired accommodation of the Novus Ordo to the liturgy of Pius V is ‘mutual enrichment’
Just what does this "desired accommodation of the Novus Ordo to the Liturgy of Pius V" mean? We can only guess.
This of course, as most things I write on this blog, are my opinions on what we will see happening, because, well, we've seen them happen at papal liturgies which his MC has indicated is the style of Pope Benedict to propose to the Church before he mandates:
I take it that the 1962 missal as an extraordinary expression of the one Latin Rite will not itself change dramatically. I also take it that the 2012 missal (actually revised in Latin in 2003) will not change dramatically either. However it is the 2003/2012 missal that will in some ways change from a closer look at what was lost theologically and spiritually from the 1962 missal.The 1962 missal will enrich the future reform of the Novus Ordo Mass. Just my opinion folks, you know I'm not clairvoyant, but maybe I am.
Just off the bat, what I think are the most obvious changes coming; but when I have no idea:
1. Kneeling for Holy Communion. I think this will be the single most radical recovery and the single most important recovery and enrichment. The pope has modeled this now for most of his papacy. He has explained why he does this. It makes sense!
2. Some Latin will be mandated; I think it will be the Sanctus, Pater Noster and Agnus Dei; why these? I don't know, but these are now in Latin in the normal part of the revised Roman Missal.
3. Ad Orientem or the Benedictine Altar Arrangement. Of the two I think Ad Orientem makes better sense, but I recognize that facing the people has been very well received by most Catholics, but I do believe it confuses people in terms of priestly prayers that look like these are directed to or are being read to the congregation, very odd for prayer to be perceived that way by anyone.
4. The Introit and offertory and communion antiphons will be mandated to be sung in sung Masses as these are now required for spoken Masses (except the offertory antiphon), not to be replaced by "devotional hymnody, no matter how good." This doesn't mean your favorite hymns won't be sung, but they will clearly be seen as filler and add ons, in other words what these really are, devotional music imposed on the Liturgy. (I don't mean imposed to be understood negatively). Also the gradual as an option to the Responsorial Psalm will be encouraged.
5. The 1965 transitional Missal's Order of the Mass will be recovered which is basically a minor reform of the 1962 missal. However, I think the Dismissal and blessing will remain the blessing and dismissal that we currently have at the end of Mass. However, the 2012 missal apart from its Order will not change and all the options that are in it will remain options including all the new Eucharistic prayers, which in the revised English, are all very, very good!
This is what is different in the 1965 Order of the Mass compared to the 1962 Order:
2. If another Liturgical action precedes, such as wedding nuptial or the Asperges, the prayers at the foot of the altar are omitted. (This is new too).
3. There is an option that after the prayers at the foot of the altar or another liturgical act, the priest goes up an kisses the altar and then goes and presides from the Chair. At this point the Introit would be sung or said as this is done and then the Kyrie, Gloria and Collect would be prayed from the chair.
4. It is made explicit that the priest is not to recite any prayers or antiphons, such as the Introit, Gloria, Credo independently of the congregation and schola as they sing these. The priest joins in singing these at the same time. This also is extended to the canon, the priest does not say the sanctus to himself as the choir sings it, but sings it with them; therefore he does not say the canon quietly as the choir sings the sanctus. This is new to the 1965 missal and a revision of the 1962.
5. General Intercessions are allowed as an explicit option (according to local custom). This is not in the 1962 missal. There is the option of the presentation of the offerings in a offertory procession.
6. The offertory prayers are from the 1962 missal exactly and the paten is placed under the corporal after it is the host is offered which itself is placed on the corporal.
7. The Roman Canon with its rubrics is prayed and in quiet voice (no change from the 1962 missal). However, the "through Him, with Him..." is revised to eliminate the signs of the cross over the chalice and coporal with the Host. It is revised as is currently done in the OF Mass.
8. The Lord's prayer through the priest's Communion is the same as the 1962 missal except the placing of the paten under the Host eliminates holding the paten sideways and kissing it. The priest simply places the host onto the paten after the "Deliver us..."
9. The Communion of the people is made explicit in the 1965 missal but not in the 1962 missal but there is no change (the additional confiteor was removed in the 1962 missal and remains removed in the 1965 missal).
10. The dismissal still precedes the final blessing and the final blessing still has the "Placeat tibi...prayer"preceding it. The Last Gospel, alas, is suppressed, not there, kaput!
No one could say that the 1965 missal wasn't revised and simplified according to what Vatican II envisioned.