I take this opportunity to say to you that for some time I have been reflecting on the rite of the "washing of the feet", contained in the Liturgy of the Mass of the Lord's Supper, in order to improve implementation of options, to express fully the meaning of this gesture by Jesus at the Last Supper, his self-oblation (self-giving, sacrifice) to the end for the salvation of the world, his charity without borders.
After careful consideration, I have come to a decision to make a change in the rubrics of the Roman Missal. Therefore I want to be changed the heading (or rubric) under which the persons selected to receive the washing of the feet should be men or boys, that from now on, the Pastors of the Church can choose the participants in the rite among all the members of the People of God. We also recommend that pastors are to provide an adequate explanation of the meaning of the rite itself.
Grateful for the valuable service of this Dicastery, I assure you, Your Eminence, to the Secretary and to all the collaborators of my remembrance in prayer and, as I express my best wishes for a Holy Christmas, I send to each one of you my Apostolic Blessing.
From the Vatican, 20 December 2014
The Pope decrees that not only men may be chosen for the washing of the feet in the Liturgy of Holy Thursday
The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments has today published a decree on the aforementioned rite, dated 6 January 2016, the full text of which is published below:
"The reform of the Holy Week, by the decree Maxima Redemptionis nostrae mysteria of November 1955, provides the faculty, where counseled by pastoral motives, to perform the washing of the feet of twelve men during the Mass of the Lord's Supper, after the reading of the Gospel according to John, as if almost to represent Christ's humility and love for His disciples.
In the Roman liturgy this rite was handed down with the name of the Mandatum of the Lord on brotherly charity in accordance with Jesus' words, sung in the Antiphon during the celebration.
In performing this rite, bishops and priests are invited to conform intimately to Christ who 'came not to be served but to serve' and, driven by a love 'to the end', to give His life for the salvation of all humankind.
To manifest the full meaning of the rite to those who participate in it, the Holy Father Francis has seen fit to change the rule by in the Roman Missal (p.300, No. 11) according to which the chosen men are accompanied by the ministers, which must therefore be modified as follows:
'Those chosen from among the People of God are accompanied by the ministers' (and consequently in the Caeremoniale Episcoporum No. 301 and No. 299 b referring to the seats for the chosen men, so that pastors may choose a group of faithful representing the variety and unity of every part of the People of God. This group may consist of men and women, and ideally of the young and the old, healthy and sick, clerics, consecrated persons and laypeople.
This Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, by means of the faculties granted by the Supreme Pontiff, introduces this innovation in the liturgical books of the Roman Rite, recalling pastors of their duty to instruct adequately both the chosen faithful and others, so that they may participate in the rite consciously, actively and fruitfully".